Photocatalytic Behavior of Na2ZrTi5O13 Sol-Gel
The photocatalytic activity of samples of the new ceramic semiconductor, Na2ZrTi5O13 sol-gel, was studied using two different reactions, the decomposition (oxidation) of methylene blue and reduction-oxidation of Pb (II) from aqueous solutions at room temperature. We synthesised Na2Ti5ZrO13, which is isostructural to the family of compounds with general formula AnMTimO13, (A = Li, Na, K; M = Zr). These materials present a zig zag arrangement forming rectangular tunnels in their structure. The synthesis of this compound was achieved by sol-gel technique using metalic alcoxides at two different pH, 3 and 9. The fresh gels were heat treated at 200°C, 400°C, 600°C and 800°C. The reaction products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal analysis (DTA, TGA) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The band gap energy (Eg) of each sample prepared was calculated from the UV-Vis absorption spectra. . The values of Eg obtained ranged from 3.5 to 3.2 eV. The best activity found for the methylene blue degradation was performed by the Na2ZrTi5O13 sol-gel pH 9, treated at 800oC (99%). We assumed that the photocatalytic activity is favored when the structure was already formed. Lead photocatalysed reactions using Na2ZrTi5O13 sol-gel pH 9, treated at 600 oC showed a higher eficiency (98%) than that obtained by TiO2 (degussa) (85%).
Hyung Sun Kim, Sang-Yeop Park, Bo Young Hur and Soo Wohn Lee
L. L. Garza-Tovar et al., "Photocatalytic Behavior of Na2ZrTi5O13 Sol-Gel", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 486-487, pp. 57-60, 2005