Variations of Solute Concentration in the Crucible during Hot Chamber Die-Casting Process


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Compositional variations of magnesium alloys AZ91D and AM60B in a crucible during hot-chamber die casting process have been investigated. The sampling of molten metal for chemical composition analysis was carried out at three positions (A: bottom, B and C: 100 and 300 mm upside from the bottom, respectively) within a crucible of 600 mm in depth. The picked molten metal was poured into a steel mold to cast into a rod 40mm diameter and 120mm length. Results show that heavier elements such as Al, Zn, Mn, Fe, etc. were concentrated at the bottom of crucible, which is resulted from long-time, repeated casting operations without bailing out. The macro segregation of alloying elements and impurities are partly caused by the reaction between the alloying elements. Short-periods of holding time up to 250 minutes, however, did not significantly change the concentration of Al and Zn at the entrance of gooseneck.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 488-489)

Edited by:

W.Ke, E.H.Han, Y.F.Han, K.Kainer and A.A.Luo




M. C. Kang et al., "Variations of Solute Concentration in the Crucible during Hot Chamber Die-Casting Process", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 488-489, pp. 321-324, 2005

Online since:

July 2005




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