Investigation on Pore Formation during Hybrid Laser-Tungsten Inert Gas Arc Welding of Magnesium Alloy AZ31B
This study seeks to analyze the presence method and quantity of pore during hybrid laser-tungsten inert gas arc (TIG) Welding of Magnesium Alloy AZ31B by radiography, optical microscopy and electron probe microanalysis (EMPA). At the same time, it identifies both the mechanism of pore formation and a remedy for this problem. The experimental results indicate that lacking of shielding gas for laser beam is the dominant cause of macro-porosity formation during the hybrid of laser-TIG welding of magnesium Alloys AZ31B plate, and hydrogen is not main cause to form large pores. A favorable weld without porosity can be obtained by appending lateral shielding gas for laser beam.
W.Ke, E.H.Han, Y.F.Han, K.Kainer and A.A.Luo
L. M. Liu et al., "Investigation on Pore Formation during Hybrid Laser-Tungsten Inert Gas Arc Welding of Magnesium Alloy AZ31B", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 488-489, pp. 361-364, 2005