Influence of Grinding Conditions on Residual Stress Profiles after Induction Surface Hardening


Article Preview

Induction surface hardening creates very desirable residual stresses in the hardened surface layer. Residual stresses are always of a compressive nature and are usually present to the depth of the induction-hardened layer. By the appropriate selection of grinding wheel and grinding conditions and taking into account the physical and mechanical properties of the workpiece material very favourable compressive residual stresses in the hardened surface layer can be retained. How is it possible to assure a desirable surface and surface layer quality after induction hardening and fine grinding? Finding an answer to this question requires a very good knowledge of the process of grinding on the micro-level as well as knowledge of mechanical and heat effects acting on the layer of the workpiece including the type and condition of the grinding wheel. An allinclusive consideration of the numerous influences of the kind and condition of the tool on the changes on the surface and in the surface layer of the workpiece in the given machining conditions is described by the term “surface integrity”.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 490-491)

Edited by:

Sabine Denis, Takao Hanabusa, Bob Baoping He, Eric Mittemeijer, JunMa Nan, Ismail Cevdet Noyan, Berthold Scholtes, Keisuke Tanaka, KeWei Xu




J. Grum, "Influence of Grinding Conditions on Residual Stress Profiles after Induction Surface Hardening", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 490-491, pp. 346-351, 2005

Online since:

July 2005





[1] M. G. Lozinski: Industrial Applications of Induction Heating (Pergamon Press, Oxford 1969).

[2] V. D. Rudnev, Loveless, R. Cook and M. Black: Handbook of Induction Heating (Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, Basel 2004).

[3] Electromagnetic Induction and Electric Conduction in Industry, Chapter 9, Heat Treatments by Induction (Centre Francais de I'Electricite 1997).

[4] G. Pfaffmann: Introduction to Induction Heating, Fundamentals of Induction Heating (Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Anaheim, California, USA 1998).

[5] J. Grum: Induction Hardening, Materials Science and Technology Series, Vol. 1 (Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Ljubljana 2001).

[6] J. Grum: Induction Hardening, Handbook of Residual Stress and Deformation of Steel, G. E. Totten, M. A. H. Howes and T. Inoue, Eds. ( ASM Int., Materials Park, Ohio 2002), pp.220-247.

[7] E. Brinksmeier: A model for the Development of Residual Stresses in Grinding, Advances in Surface Treatments, Technology - Applications - Effects, A. Niku - Lari, Ed. (Published in Cooperation with the Institute for Industrial Technology Transfer i. i. t. t., International, Vol. 5. Pergamon Press, Oxford 1987), pp.173-189.


[8] M. Mahdi and L. Zhang.: Int. J. Mach. Tools and Mf. Vol. 37, (1997), p.619.

[9] W. J. Tomlinson, L.A. Blunt and S. Spraggett: Surf. Eng. Vol. 5 (1989) p.229.

[10] W. J. Tomlinson, L.A. Blunt and S. Spraggett: Surf. Eng. Vol. 6 (1990) p.129.

[11] E. D. Walker: Some aspects of residual stress in parts heat treated by the induction method: Residual Stress: for Designers and Metallurgists, Materials/Metalworking Technology Series, L.J. Vande Walle, Ed. (American Society of Metals, Metals Park; OH 1980), pp.41-50.