A Study on Residual Stress Relaxation under Quasi-Static Load
Investigation on the quasi-static residual stress relaxation is an important aspect of component design and life management. After taking into account the influence of transverse stress and strength distribution, this paper proposes a new criterion of residual stress relaxation under quasi-static load as follow: the surface residual stress tends to relax as long as the Mises effective stress anywhere exceeds the local yield point. In addition, by X-ray tensile test, a method of determining superficial yield strength based on the Von Mises hypothesis was applied at the shot-peened surface of a martensitic stainless steel 0Cr13Ni4Mo. The experimental results show that the yield strength of superficial layer is larger than that of core material. According to the experimental results, a simplified ladder-shaped model of the depth distribution of yield strength is proposed. On the basis of the above-mentioned relaxation criterion and the strength distribution model, a new method is presented to calculate the relaxation amount. The calculated results coincide with the experimental results.
Sabine Denis, Takao Hanabusa, Bob Baoping He, Eric Mittemeijer, JunMa Nan, Ismail Cevdet Noyan, Berthold Scholtes, Keisuke Tanaka, KeWei Xu
M. Qin et al., "A Study on Residual Stress Relaxation under Quasi-Static Load ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 490-491, pp. 430-435, 2005