Effect of Applied and Residual Stresses on the Analysis of Mechanical Properties by Means of Instrumented Indentation Techniques


Article Preview

Various methods have been proposed in recent years for the determination of mechanical properties of a material by using instrumented indentation testing. These load and depth sensing indentation techniques imply the measurement of a characteristic load-indentation depth curve by the aid of which numerous materials properties can be extracted. On the other hand in many publications the effect of applied or residual stresses on the results of hardness readings is investigated. Methods are proposed to estimate applied or residual stresses by means of instrumented indentation testing. Based on this obvious inconsistency between these procedures on the use of information of instrumented hardness testing the influence of residual stresses as well as applied stresses on continuous microhardness readings is systematically investigated for steel samples. Experimental investigations were supplemented by finite element simulations of ball indentation tests on equi-biaxially prestressed materials states. These simulations show that the registered force-indentation depth curves as well as the geometry of the indentations are affected by loading and residual stresses in a characteristic way. For hardness values changes of up to 35% are determined with reference to the unstressed initial state.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 490-491)

Edited by:

Sabine Denis, Takao Hanabusa, Bob Baoping He, Eric Mittemeijer, JunMa Nan, Ismail Cevdet Noyan, Berthold Scholtes, Keisuke Tanaka, KeWei Xu




J. Gibmeier et al., "Effect of Applied and Residual Stresses on the Analysis of Mechanical Properties by Means of Instrumented Indentation Techniques ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 490-491, pp. 454-459, 2005

Online since:

July 2005




[1] S. Kokubo, Science Reports of the Tohuko Imperial University, Japan, 21 (1932), p.256.

[2] G. Sines, R. Carlson: ASTM Bulletin, (1952), p.34.

[3] P.A. Blain, Metal Progress, 71 (1957), p.99.

[4] ISO 14577, Instrumented indentation testing, Beuth Verlag Berlin, (2002).

[5] C. Heermant, D. Dengel, Materialprüfung, 38 (1996) 9, p.374.

[6] J.S. Field, M.V. Swain, J. Materials Research, 10 (1995) 1, p.101.

[7] S. Carlsson, P. -L. Larsson, Acta Materialia, 49 (2001), p.2179.

[8] J.G. Swadener, B. Taljat, G.M. Pharr, J. Materials Research, 16 (2001) 7, p. (2091).

[9] J. Gibmeier, Dr. -Ing. thesis, Universität Kassel, (2004).

[10] G. Zöltzer, I. Altenberger, B. Scholtes, HTM, 56 (2001) 5, p.347.

[11] J. Gibmeier, B. Scholtes, Materials Science Forum, 404-407 (2002), p.349.

[12] J. Gibmeier, B. Scholtes, ATEM´03, JSME-MMD, Sept. 10-12 (2003).

[13] H. Lämmer, Report No. FZKA 6053, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe (Germany), (1998).

[14] G. Lührs, S. Hartmann, P. Haupt, Comp. Methods Applied Mech. Eng., 144, 1997, pp.1-21.

[15] E. Diegele, W. Jahnsohn, C. Tsakmakis, Computational Mechanics, 25, 2000, pp.1-12.

[16] S. Hartmann, T. Tschöpe, L. Schreiber, P. Haupt, Europ. J. Mech., A22 (2003), p.309 Journal Title and Volume Number (to be inserted by the publisher) 7.

[17] T.Y. Tsui, W.C. Oliver, G.M. Pharr, J. of Materials Research, 11 (1996) 3, p.752.