Ceramic Foams Coated with Zeolite Crystals
Ceramic foams can be used as filters, dust collectors, light weight components and catalyst carriers. They can be produced by a variety of techniques. The performance of ceramic foams will be strongly improved when their mechanical properties are improved. For this reason, we produced ceramic foams both by a modified reaction bonded (RB) replica technique and by gel casting. With both methods, reticulated foam structures with enhanced mechanical strength were obtained. Zeolites are a special type of materials that are characterized by high catalytic properties. They can be brought on a structured carrier by dip and slurry coating. Nevertheless, in situ coating has as main advantage that the support is used as the base for nucleation. This results in the formation of a chemical bond between the zeolite crystals and the support. The goal of this contribution is twofold: at first we demonstrate how Al2O3 foams with improved mechanical strength can be produced both by the modified RB-alumina replica technique and by gel casting. Secondly, it is shown that these ceramic foams can be coated with (silicalite) zeolite crystals by insitu crystallization from a precursor sol. The two-layer material combinations have been characterized with FESEM, XRD, CT (computer assisted tomography), IA (Image Analysis) and by mechanical tests.
Omer Van der Biest, Michael Gasik, Jozef Vleugels
F. M.M. Snijkers et al., "Ceramic Foams Coated with Zeolite Crystals", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 492-493, pp. 299-304, 2005