Wear Mechanisms in Functionally Graded Aluminium Matrix Composites: Effect of the Presence of an Aqueous Solution
Functionally graded aluminium matrix composites reinforced with SiC particles are attractive materials for a broad range of engineering applications whenever a superior combination of surface and bulk mechanical properties is required. In general, these materials are developed for the production of high wear resistant components. Also, often this kind of mechanical part operates in the presence of aggressive environments, such as marine atmospheres. In this work, aluminium composites with functionally graded properties, obtained by centrifugal cast, are characterised by reciprocating pin-on-plate sliding wear tests against nodular cast iron. Three different volume fractions of SiC reinforcing particles in each functionally graded material were considered. Sliding experiments were performed with and without the presence of a lubricant (3% NaCl aqueous solution). In the case of the lubricated tests, electrochemical parameters (corrosion potential) were monitored during sliding. Friction values were in the order of 0.42 for unlubricated conditions, but varied between 0.22 and 0.37 when the aqueous solution was present. For all test conditions, relatively high wear rates (over 1×10-6 gm-1) were obtained, particularly for the cast iron pin. The volume fraction of SiC particles exerted a net effect on the tribological response of the composites, although conditioned by the presence or absence of the aqueous solution. The worn surface morphology of the composites indicated that the presence of the aqueous solution modifies the protective action promoted by the combined effect of the presence of reinforcing particles as load bearing elements and the formation of adherent iron-rich tribolayers. The evolution of the corrosion potential during the sliding action is in accordance to the degradation mechanisms proposed for these systems.
Omer Van der Biest, Michael Gasik, Jozef Vleugels
J.R. Gomes et al., "Wear Mechanisms in Functionally Graded Aluminium Matrix Composites: Effect of the Presence of an Aqueous Solution ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 492-493, pp. 33-38, 2005