Texture Development during Final Annealing in Nonoriented Electrical Steels


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Nonoriented electrical steels have been widely used as core materials in motors and generators. For these applications low core loss and high permeability are required. The magnetic properties of these steels depend on the grain size and crystallographic texture of the annealed final products. The problems related to grain size control have been extensively investigated, while texture control has received much less attention. The technologies used to control the grain size in nonoriented electrical steels have approached to their limits. However, there is still some possibility for improvement of the magnetic properties through texture control. In order to explore this possibility, the evolution of recrystallization texture for nonoriented electrical steels with 2% Si was systematically studied. Texture change during grain growth was additionally analyzed. The formation of recrystallization texture is explained by oriented nucleation. This is supported by the fact that the area fraction of nuclei or recrystallized grains with specific orientation to all new grains remains almost constant during the progress of recrystallization. Most nuclei have a high misorientation angle of 25~55° with the surrounding deformed matrices. During the progress of grain growth, Goss and {111}<112> components are weakened and the random texture is strengthened. The grains of the Goss and {111}<112> orientations have smaller grain size than those of random orientation.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 495-497)

Edited by:

Paul Van Houtte and Leo Kestens






J. T. Park et al., "Texture Development during Final Annealing in Nonoriented Electrical Steels", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 495-497, pp. 471-476, 2005

Online since:

September 2005




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