Phase Transformation Textures in Ti-6Al-4V Alloy


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Titanium alloys are widely used in various industrial, domestic, and medical applications such as turbine blades, bicycle frames, knee implants, etc. The two-phase titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V (wt. percent) is considered to be a workhorse alloy for many applications in these diverse fields. Despite the large body of work on this alloy, the question of the transformation mechanism from the hcp a to the bcc b phase, occurring on heating to temperatures above the a/b transus at ~980°C, is still unresolved. Due to experimental difficulties, it has not yet been clearly determined whether the increase in b volume fraction occurs by fresh nucleation of b crystals within a phase grains or the growth of preexisting b grains. Since the Burgers orientation relationship holds only if the b grains are nucleated within the a grains, the outcome of this question greatly affects texture-modeling efforts for this system. The Burgers orientation relationship predicts that the {0001} crystal direction in a grain of the a phase becomes a {110} crystal direction in a grain of the b phase after the transformation. In this work we present experimental results from in-situ texture measurements performed on the HIPPO neutron diffractometer at LANSCE. Using the combination of time-offlight neutrons and full-pattern Rietveld analysis allowed us to determine the orientation distribution functions of both phases at room temperature, 800°C, 1020°C and again at room temperature. We found strong indications that the b phase indeed grows from grains preexisting at room temperature. Upon re-transformation from b to a we found that the Burgers relationship is followed.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 495-497)

Edited by:

Paul Van Houtte and Leo Kestens






S. C. Vogel et al., "Phase Transformation Textures in Ti-6Al-4V Alloy", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 495-497, pp. 681-686, 2005

Online since:

September 2005




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