Densification Study of Titanium Powder Compacts
Powder compaction characteristics is a very important parameter to control in order to obtain products with best mechanical properties made by P/M techniques. This work presents a study on the densification of titanium powders trying to optimize the particle size distribution for the best packing and the maximum densification by pressure compaction. The powders used were made from titanium sponge obtained by the Kroll process. The powders were embrittled by mean of the Hydride-Dehydride process (HDH) and milled in a rotative ball-mill under vacuum. Powders with different particles sizes distributions were mixed in several proportions according to Alfred's and Andreasen’s Theory. The samples were compacted by uniaxial and isostatic pressing and sintered under vacuum. The evaluation of the densification was made following the Standard method of test for density of glass by Buoyancy (ASTM – C693-74) and by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The samples made with powder milled during 36 hours and 12 hours presented better densification than the ones milled during shorter time and the ones with distributions combinations.
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
M. C. C. Ueta et al., "Densification Study of Titanium Powder Compacts", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 498-499, pp. 211-216, 2005