Doped Tin Oxide Nanometric Films for Environment Monitoring
In this work tin dioxide (SnO2) doped with nickel is studied with the aim of develop integrated gas sensors for some important pollution gases into environment, principally sulphur dioxide (SO2). SnO2 powders doped with Nickel were prepared by Pechini`s method  and characterized morphologically by X-Ray diffraction, measurement of specific surface area (SBET) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), which revealed grain sizes around 5 to 10 nm. Gas sensors were fabricated by spin-coating deposition of Ni doped SnO2 films over alumina substrate with gold contacts. Electrical resistance of such device is characterized, at room temperature, as function of SO2 concentration into environment, showing a sensitivity around 0.0058 ppm-1 for relative resistance variation, with good linearity for SO2 concentrations up to 30 ppm. Also, FTIR analysis shows the desorption of SO2 from SnO2 surface, after cleaning into fresh air.
Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho
P. H. Falla et al., "Doped Tin Oxide Nanometric Films for Environment Monitoring", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 498-499, pp. 636-641, 2005