Operation Principle and Simulation of Loop-Type Microfluidic Biochips
Biochip is an emerging technology and has evoked great research interests in recent years. In this paper, a novel air-driven loop-type microfluidic biochip was investigated. Differing from conventional micro channels, this chip has a micro loop-channel and 3 sets of driving conduits with valveless design in their intersections so that the microfluid can be driven smoothly in unidirectional circular movements. The driving efficiency reaches the highest if the entry angle of driving conduits is in the tangent direction of the loop-channel. However, the smaller the included angle, the impact area the larger, leading to comparatively serious reflow phenomenon. Furthermore, the microfluid can be controlled to stop almost instantaneously in the loop segment. Therefore, this loop-type biochip is suitable for biochemical reactions under repeated multiple temperature operations such as polymerase chain reaction. A full circular movement completes a cycle of PCR amplification. Besides, this biochip has its merits including simpler chip design, shorter channel length, and flexible controllability for biochemical reactions.
Wunyuh Jywe, Chieh-Li Chen, Kuang-Chao Fan, R.F. Fung, S.G. Hanson,Wen-Hsiang Hsieh, Chaug-Liang Hsu, You-Min Huang, Yunn-Lin Hwang, Gerd Jäger, Y.R. Jeng, Wenlung Li, Yunn-Shiuan Liao, Chien-Chang Lin, Zong-Ching Lin, Cheng-Kuo Sung and Ching-Huan Tzeng
Y.-J. Chang et al., "Operation Principle and Simulation of Loop-Type Microfluidic Biochips", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 505-507, pp. 649-654, 2006