Experimental Observation of Convection during Equiaxed Solidification of Transparent Alloys
3D samples of NH4Cl-H2O solutions were solidified under defined experimental conditions. The occurring melt convection was investigated by Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). The occurrence of NH4Cl crystals was observed optically and first attempts were made to quantitatively measure its number density, size distribution and sedimentation rate by PIV and Particle Tracking (PT). In order to prove the reproducibility of the results several experimental runs with equal and slightly modified conditions were analyzed.
A Roósz, M. Rettenmayr and Z. Gácsi
S. Eck et al., "Experimental Observation of Convection during Equiaxed Solidification of Transparent Alloys ", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 508, pp. 157-162, 2006