Bioactive Zirconia Composites
Zirconia-alumina composites with additions of a CaO-SiO2 glass are prepared by uniaxial pressing and sintering. In order to promote bioactivity, the composites are biomimetically treated. The effect of immersion time in simulated body fluids (SBF) and that of the presence of a wollastonite powder bed, as a calcium ion provider, on the apatite forming ability are investigated. The influence of replacing the simulated body fluids each 7-day-period for a more concentrated solution is also studied. A bonelike apatite layer is observed after 21 days of immersion when the SBF is renewed, whether the bed of wollastonite powder is present or not. However, a thicker layer is formed by using wollastonite and the agglomerates of the apatite layer are finer on the composites containing CaO-SiO2 glass.
H. Balmori-Ramírez, M. Brito, J.G. Cabañas-Moreno, H.A. Calderón-Benavides, K. Ishizaki and A. Salinas-Rodríguez
A. A. Nogiwa-Valdez et al., "Bioactive Zirconia Composites", Materials Science Forum, Vol. 509, pp. 193-198, 2006