Chipless Forming Process Using Rotary Swaging Machine with Four-Dies
The rotary swaging process for producing solid bars, tubes or wires is often used to obtain the chipless forming process compared with the conventional process such as the machining and welding operation. Furthermore, machined chip, dust particles, harmful gas, and surface contamination to be commonly generated at hot working during the conventional process could be eliminated as the swaging process is applied and conducted at room temperature. Experiments for swaged product were performed to analyze the influence of the swaging process on the mechanical properties and dimensional precision in terms of surface roughness, surface hardness, and deviation of formed dimension. The changes of dimensional precision in swaged product are also checked out and considered for various process parameters such as the forming speed and the reduction in the outer diameter. Based on the experimental results, the surface roughness is improved under the swaging process. The weight of rod shift is reduced by about 15 % from 223.5 g to 190.2 g. Thus the number of operations to produce the final product under the conventional process is larger than that under the swaging process to be able to omit the machining and welding operation, etc. This paper demonstrates that a rotary swaging process turns out to be an environment-friendly forming process or chipless forming process without the machined chip.
Hyung Sun Kim, Yu Bao Li and Soo Wohn Lee
S. J. Lim et al., "Chipless Forming Process Using Rotary Swaging Machine with Four-Dies", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 510-511, pp. 242-245, 2006