Relationship between Microstructure and Tensile Strength in the Directionally Solidified (23-27) at. % Al-Ni Alloys


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Directional or single crystal technique was applied to enhance the ductility, and two phases of γ (Ni) phase or β (NiAl) phase in γ‘(Ni3Al) matrix were also considered to increase the strength and ductility. In this study, directionally solidified rods were prepared at the solidification rate of 50µm/s in 23-27 at.% Al-Ni alloys, and tensile strengths of these rods were analyzed at room temperature. Directionally solidified samples showed the γ dendrite fibers formed in the Ni3Al matrix in the hypo eutectic composition of 23 at.% Al, the γ‘ single phase in the eutectic composition of 24.5 at. % Al, and the β dendrite fibers in the γ‘ matrix in the hyper eutectic compositions of 25, 26, 27 at.% Al. The hypoeutectic alloy including γ dendrites with γ‘ matrix exhibited a large elongation of over 70% with ductile transgranular fracture at room temperature. With increasing Al contents, the γ dendritic microstructure changed to the β dendrite in the γ‘ matrix, which resulted in decreasing the elongation by increasing the volume fraction of the brittle β dendrites in the ductile γ’ matrix.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 510-511)

Edited by:

Hyung Sun Kim, Yu Bao Li and Soo Wohn Lee




Y. Lu et al., "Relationship between Microstructure and Tensile Strength in the Directionally Solidified (23-27) at. % Al-Ni Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 510-511, pp. 458-461, 2006

Online since:

March 2006




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