Effects of La2O3 on the Piezoelectric Properties of Lead-Free (Bi0.5Na0.5)0.94Ba0.06TiO3 Piezoelectric Ceramics
In an approach to acclimate ourselves to the recent ecological consciousness trends, a lead free piezoelectric material, bismuth sodium barium titanate (Bi0.5Na0.5)0.94Ba0.06TiO3 (BNBT), was considered as an environment-friendly alternative to the PZT system. A perovskite BNBT was synthesized by the conventional bulk ceramic processing technique.La2O3 as a dopant was incorporated into the BNBT system up to 0.025 mol, and the doping effects on subsequent piezoelectric and dielectric properties were systematically investigated. In the case of La2O3 addition, the formation of grain boundary coherency was remarkably increased, and the sintered density was increased with increasing La2O3 contents. Piezoelectric and dielectric properties were shown to have the maximum value at 0.02 mol of La2O3 addition. La3+ ions were believed to act as a softener in the BNBT system and to enhance dielectric and piezoelectric properties in this study.
Hyung Sun Kim, Yu Bao Li and Soo Wohn Lee
Y.-J. Son et al., "Effects of La2O3 on the Piezoelectric Properties of Lead-Free (Bi0.5Na0.5)0.94Ba0.06TiO3 Piezoelectric Ceramics", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 510-511, pp. 538-541, 2006