Low Cost Microstructures for Preconcentration of Polar and Non-Polar Organic Compounds
Films produced by plasma polymerization of ethyl ether and methyl or ethyl acetate show good adsorption characteristic for polar and non-polar organic compounds. These films when used in microchannels machined in a 3D-structure present some preconcentration of organic compounds. Therefore, the aim of this work is to investigate the physical-chemical preconcentration mechanisms on this structure. The test molecules used were n-hexane and 2-propanol. Quartz crystal microbalance and mass spectrometry were used to measure preconcentration. Two different procedures for reactant injection on the structure were used: a continuous flow during several minutes or a small amount injected on a single pulse and in a few seconds. The microchannels were also modified by the introduction of small ceramic particles for enhancement of the flow dispersion. It was possible to notice for all films a similar kinetic of retention. The main removal mechanism is adsorption. Although all films can provide the removal of the adsorbents molecules, the most important characteristic for the adsorption and/or retention is the surface condition. Thus, the retention of polar compound can be troubled if a non-polar compound was used previously. The most promising films for retention are ethyl ether and ethyl acetate when n-hexane and 2-propanol are used as test molecules. The results using n-hexane or 2-propanol point out the use of low-cost microchannels for preconcentration development.
Paula Maria Vilarinho
L. M. Silva et al., "Low Cost Microstructures for Preconcentration of Polar and Non-Polar Organic Compounds", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 514-516, pp. 1250-1254, 2006