Electrocatalytic Behavior of Perovskite-Related Cobaltites and Nickelates in Alkaline Media

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Dense ceramic anodes of perovskite-type La1-x-ySrxCo1-zAlzO3-δ ( x = 0.45-0.70; y = 0- 0.05; z = 0-0.20) and K2NiF4-type La2Ni1-xMexO4+δ (Me = Co, Cu; x = 0-0.20), synthesized by the glycine-nitrate technique, were assessed for oxygen evolution in alkaline media. The lowest overpotentials are observed for (La0.3Sr0.7)0.97CoO3-δ, which exhibits a significant oxygen deficiency in combination with high conductivity associated with the A-site cation nonstoichiometry compensation mechanism via Co4+ formation. Perovskite-type cobaltite anodes are essentially stable in alkaline solutions, whilst La2NiO4-based electrodes exhibit degradation at the potentials where the oxygen evolution occurs, probably due to the electrochemical oxygen intercalation in the lattice.

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Periodical:

Materials Science Forum (Volumes 514-516)

Edited by:

Paula Maria Vilarinho

Pages:

1391-1395

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.514-516.1391

Citation:

S. K. Poznyak et al., "Electrocatalytic Behavior of Perovskite-Related Cobaltites and Nickelates in Alkaline Media", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 514-516, pp. 1391-1395, 2006

Online since:

May 2006

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$35.00

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