Electrical Characterization of Mullite Bodies Containing Al-Rich Anodizing Sludge
Al-rich sludge produced from industrial anodising and surface treatment processes had been tested in the fabrication of mullite-based materials, by using unidirectional dry pressing as shaping technique. Mixture with common natural silica and magnesium-containing materials, like ball clay, kaolin and diatomite were prepared in order to achieve interesting final fired refractory and/or electrical insulating materials. Microstructural changes upon sintering and crystalline phase evolution are detailed and their relationship with the electrical behaviour is also studied, by the use of impedance spectroscopy. Finally, different models were used to fit the experimental electrical resistivity values and to estimate the percolation limit of the bi-phase material.
Paula Maria Vilarinho
M.J. Ribeiro et al., "Electrical Characterization of Mullite Bodies Containing Al-Rich Anodizing Sludge", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 514-516, pp. 1726-1730, 2006