Piezoelectric Material for High Efficiency Ultrasonic Siren
A PZT-type material, doped with niobium and lithium was prepared by the ceramic technique. The microstructure of the sintered material at 1280oC was performed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy and by X-ray diffraction. Dielectric and piezoelectric properties were measured. The good planar properties of the material made it possible to obtain ceramic disks with a strong radial mode. Two such disks, glued together, with opposed polarisation constitute a bimorf element, which successfully converts the radial mode into a flexural one. At the center of the bimorf a conical acoustical impedance adapter is fixed in order to increase the frontal acoustical emission of the device. This ultrasonic device provides a broad – band, high acoustical emission, and is suitable to work as a high efficiency ultrasonic siren. It can be used in intruder alarm devices, ultrasonic telemeters.
Paula Maria Vilarinho
E. Dimitriu and A. Iuga, "Piezoelectric Material for High Efficiency Ultrasonic Siren", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 514-516, pp. 225-229, 2006