Hydrophobic Porous Benzene-Silica Hybrid Clay Heterostructure and Its Application in the Adsorption of Volatile Organic Compounds
A new porous benzene-silica hybrid clay heterostructure has been prepared by a template-assisted method. The synthesis of Hybrid Porous Clay Heterostructures (HPCH) has been performed via the intercalation of a quaternary ammonium cation surfactant (cetyltrimethylammonium bromide) and a neutral amine (octylamine) as cosurfactant, in a Portuguese clay, to direct the interlamellar hydrolysis and condensation polymerisation of neutral inorganic etraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) together with an organic precursor, the 1,4- bis(triethoxysilyl)benzene (BTEB). The material has been characterised by elemental analysis, powder X-ray diffraction, nitrogen adsorption, 13C CP MAS, 29Si MAS and CP MAS NMR spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and thermal analyses. The hydrophobicity of the material was tested by water adsorption. Its potential application as adsorbent of volatile organic compounds was studied by the adsorption of methanol, methyl ethyl ketone, toluene and trichloroethylene.
Paula Maria Vilarinho
P. Ferreira et al., "Hydrophobic Porous Benzene-Silica Hybrid Clay Heterostructure and Its Application in the Adsorption of Volatile Organic Compounds ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 514-516, pp. 470-474, 2006