Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Prepared by a 2 and 3-Stage Hybrid RF-Magnetron Sputtering and Se Evaporation Method: Properties and Solar Cell Performance
The potential of RF-magnetron sputtering to achieve high quality Cu(In,Ga)Se2 (CIGS) thin films and efficient solar cells with the goal of using a single technique for all solar cell processing steps is explored. The end point detection method was adapted to RF-magnetron deposition of CIGS in two- or three stages sputtering process. It allows the control of the final composition of the deposited layers in a reproducible way. The influence of substrate temperature and Ar pressure during the deposition on the surface and crossectional morphology of CIGS films was studied for two and three-stage sputtering process sequence. The solar cells prepared with films deposited by two-stage sputtering nave showed a better performance with maximum efficiency above 8 %.
Paula Maria Vilarinho
A. F. da Cunha et al., "Cu(In,Ga)Se2 Prepared by a 2 and 3-Stage Hybrid RF-Magnetron Sputtering and Se Evaporation Method: Properties and Solar Cell Performance", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 514-516, pp. 93-97, 2006