Historical Evolution of Thermomechanical Processes Applied to Aluminium Alloys

Abstract:

Article Preview

Thermo-mechanical processing (TMP), coined 50 years ago for steels to describe combined thermal and mechanical treatments that define both product shape and microstructure/properties, has been practiced since the early industrial revolution. The improved function and control in mechanical shaping equipment were easily adapted to newly discovered aluminum, integrating hot forming, cold deformation and annealing. The TMP goals for Al alloys were grain refinement, substructure preservation, texture control and enhanced precipitation. Hot extrusion became widely employed with exploitation of elongated grains with substructure and strong texture and of press heat treatment (solution during deformation, quenching upon exit). Rolling schedules were tuned to generate desired grain size/shape, substructure and texture. This historical account aims to enhance application of metallography to process optimization and innovation that makes metals more competitive with other materials.

Info:

Periodical:

Materials Science Forum (Volumes 519-521)

Edited by:

W.J. Poole, M.A. Wells and D.J. Lloyd

Pages:

1493-1498

DOI:

10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.519-521.1493

Citation:

H.J. McQueen "Historical Evolution of Thermomechanical Processes Applied to Aluminium Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 519-521, pp. 1493-1498, 2006

Online since:

July 2006

Authors:

Export:

Price:

$35.00

[1] P. Band, J.G. Harris, Met. Tech. 2, (1975), 287-293.

[2] L.J. Cantmell, F. King, G. Salt, Met. Tech 2, (1975), 313-317.

[3] J. H. White, Met. Tech. 2, (1975), 346-353.

[4] A.J. Swann, Met. Tech. 2, (1975), 378-382.

[5] H.J. McQueen, Thermec 2006 (Vancouver), T. Chandra, ed., in press.

[6] H.J. McQueen, Pipelines for the 21st Century, W. Chen (ed. ), Met. Soc. CIM, Montreal (2005), 101-117.

[7] Thermomechanical Processing of Al Alloys, J.G. Morris, ed., Metall. Soc. AIME (1979).

[8] E.A. Starke, J.C. Williams, Deformation Processing and Structure, G. Krausz, ed., ASM, Metals Park, OH. (1984), pp.279-354.

[9] M.A. Zaidi, J.A. Wert, Aluminum Alloys Contemporary Research, Applications, A.K. Vasudevan, R.D. Doharty, eds., Academic Press, San Diego (1989), 137-170.

[10] H.J. McQueen, J.J. Jonas, Aluminum '90 (ICAA2), C.Q. Chen, eds., (1990), pp.727-747.

[11] C.M. Sellars, Al Alloys, Physical Mechanical Properties, ICAA3, L. Arnberg, et al., eds., NTH/SINTEFF, Trondheim (1992), Vol. 3, pp.89-105.

[12] H.J. McQueen, M.E. Kassner, Light Weight Alloys for Aerospace Applications, K. Jata, et al., eds., TMS-AIME Warrendale, PA. (2001), pp.351-360.

[13] H.J. McQueen and O.C. Celliers, Can. Metal. Quart, 35 (1996), 305-319; 36 (1997), 73-86.

[14] R. Chadwick, Metal. Rev., 4 (1959), 189-255.

[15] Aluminum Forging Design Manual, Aluminum Assoc., Washington, D.C., (1967, 1980).

[16] Aluminum Impact Design Manual, Applications Guide, Aluminum Assoc., Washington, D.C., (1984).

[17] H.J. McQueen, Hot Deformation of Aluminum Alloys, T.G. Langdon and H.D. Merchant, eds. TMS-AIME, Warrendale, PA (1991) pp.31-54, 105-120.

[18] H.J. McQueen and W. Blum, Al Alloys, Physical Mechanical Properties ICAA6, T. Sato, ed., Japan Inst. Metals (1998) pp.99-112.

[19] H.J. McQueen, Advances in Metallurgy of Aluminum Alloys (J.T. Staley Symp. ), M. Tiryakioglu ed., ASM Intl., Materials Park, OH (2001) pp.351-360.

[20] H.J. McQueen., Mat. Sci. Eng. A387-389 (2004) 203-208.

[21] H.J. McQueen, JOM, (TMS) 50.

[6] (1998), 28-33.

[22] I. Poschmann and H.J. McQueen, Z. Metallkde., 87 (1996), 349-356; 88 (1997), 14-22.

[23] H.J. McQueen and E. Evangelista, Materials for Lean Weight Vehicles, Inst. Materials, London, 1997, pp.323-332.

[24] T. Sheppard, S.J. Paterson and M.G. Tutcher, Microstructural Control in Al Alloys, E.H. Chia and H.J. McQueen, eds., Met. Soc. AIME, Warrendale, PA, (1986), pp.123-154.

[25] R.D. Doherty, D.A. Hughes, F.J. Humphreys, J.J. Jonas, D. Juul-Jansen, M.E. Kassner, W.E. King, T.R. McNelley, H.J. McQueen and A.D. Rollett). Mat. Sci. Eng., 238 (1998) 219-274.

DOI: 10.1016/s1369-7021(98)80046-1

[26] N. Hansen, Aluminum Alloys For Packaging, J.G. Morris, et al., eds., TMS, Warrendale, PA., (1996), pp.11-26.

[27] E. Nes, et al., Aluminum Alloys, Physical mechanical Properties (ICAA 4), T.H. Sanders, E.A. Starke, eds., Georgia Inst. Tech., Atlanta (1994), pp.18-49.

[28] F.J. Humphreys, Acta Met., 23 (1977), 1323.

[29] J. Hirsch, Thermec '97, T. Chandra, T. Sakai, eds., TMS-AIME, Warrendale, PA. (1998), pp.1083-1094.

[30] J.A. Wert, N.E. Paton, C.H. Hamilton, M.W. Mahoney, Met. Trans., 12A (1981), 1267-1276.

[31] H.J. McQueen, W. Blum, Aluminium, 80 (2004) 1151-59, 1263-70, 1347-1355.

[32] S. Komura, T.G. Langdon, et al., Metal. Mater. Trans., 32A (2001), 707.

[33] M. Conserva, M. Buratti, E. Di Russo and F. Gatto, Mat. Sci. Eng., 11 (1973), 103-112.

[34] D.J. Lloyd, Advances in Industrial Materials, D.S. Wilkinson, et al., eds., Met. Soc. CIM, Montreal (1998), pp.3-17.

[35] H.J. McQueen, Aluminum Alloys: Physical Mechanical Properties, ICAA9, J.F. Nie et al. eds., Inst. Mat. Eng. Aust., Melbourne, Australia (2004), pp.351-356.

[36] T. Pettersen, B. Holmedal, E. Nes, Metal. Trans., 34A (2003), 2737-2744.

[37] H.J. McQueen, H. Mecking, Z. Metallkde, 78, (1967), 287-296.

[38] M.A. Wells, D.J. Lloyd, Hot Deformation of Al Alloys II, T.R. Bieler, et al, TMS, Warrendale, PA. (1998), pp.51-59.

[39] H.J. McQueen, H. Chia and E.A. Starke, Microstructural Control in Al Alloy Processing, H. Chia and H.J. McQueen, eds., TMS-AIME, Warrendale, PA, (1985), pp.1-18.

[40] A.T. English, J. Metals.

[4] (1965), 395-401.

[41] N. Ragunathan, H.B. McShane C.P. Lee. and T.S. Sheppard, Hot Deformation of Al Alloys, T.G. Langdon , et al, eds., TMS-AIME, Warendale, PA (1991) pp.389-416, 441-471.

[42] E. Di Russo, et al., Mat. Sci. Eng., 14 (1974), 23-26.

[43] D.J. Abson and J.J. Jonas, Met. Sci., 4, (1970), 24-28.

[44] E.M. Herba and H.J. McQueen, Mat. Sci. Eng. A372 (2004) 1-14.

[45] M. Cabibbo, H.J. McQueen, E. Evangelista, Mat. Sci. Eng., (submitted).

[46] K.A. Hassan, B.P. Wynne, P.B. Prangnell, Friction Stir Welding IV (2003).

[47] B.M. Watts, M.J. Stowell, B.L. Baikie, D.G.E. Owen, Met. Sci. 10, (1976), 189-197, 198-205.

[48] S.J. Hales, T.R. McNelley and H.J. McQueen, Metal. Trans., 22A (1991) 1037-1047.

[49] G. Avramovic-Cingara, D.D. Perovic, H.J. McQueen, Aluminium, 76 (2000), 313-316, 402- 406.

[50] I. J. Polmear, Aluminum Alloys: Physical Mechanical Properties, ICAA9, J.F. Nie et al. eds., Inst. Mat. Eng. Aust., Melbourne, Australia (2004), pp.1-14.

In order to see related information, you need to Login.