Confirming Computer Calculations of Phase Stability with the Experimental Observations in Automotive Alloy AA6111
AA6111 sheet alloy has been used in automotive panel applications in North America and Europe for several years. This alloy exhibits an excellent combination of strength, formability, ageing response and surface appearance following forming and painting operations. Such a combination of properties is obtained by carefully tailoring the processing route to obtain the desired microstructure of the alloy. In recent years, the ability to predict the phase stability in different alloys has improved significantly, and it is now relatively easy to predict the particles that could form in complex multi component alloys during different processing steps. The accuracy of the predictions is dependent on whether or not the free energy expressions used in the calculations are correct. In this study, the AA6111 alloy was subjected to various annealing treatments that are reflective of different phase fields computed by the Thermo-Calc software. The particles were extracted using the phenol extraction technique and were identified using energy dispersive analysis. The interrelation of the particle analyses with the computed phase stability in AA6111 is presented.
W.J. Poole, M.A. Wells and D.J. Lloyd
A.K. Gupta et al., "Confirming Computer Calculations of Phase Stability with the Experimental Observations in Automotive Alloy AA6111", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 519-521, pp. 177-182, 2006