Nucleation-Mediated Structural Refinement and Aluminium Alloy Design
Regardless of whether it is cast microstructure, the grain structure that is the product of thermomechanical processing or the nanoscale dispersions of strengthening second-phase particles, it is inescapable that the structural scale that controls mechanical properties in Al alloys is determined primarily by processes of nucleation during either solidification, recrystallisation or solid-state phase transformation. In those advanced alloys with bulk amorphous or nanocrystalline structure, production of an amorphous precursor is reliant on initial suppression of the nucleation of crystallisation, and subsequent controlled nucleation of dispersed nanocrystals within amorphous matrix. The processes of nucleation that control structural scale in modern Al alloys are briefly reviewed, with a focus on potential for further structural refinement and advances in properties.
W.J. Poole, M.A. Wells and D.J. Lloyd
B. C. Muddle and J. F. Nie, "Nucleation-Mediated Structural Refinement and Aluminium Alloy Design", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 519-521, pp. 191-196, 2006