Development of a New 7xxx Ageing Model
A kinetic model has been developed to simulate the precipitate size distribution and the resulting yield strength during ageing of 7xxx alloys. The η phase is the only one considered. The kinetic model is mean field: precipitates of different sizes see each other through the average solid solution. Precipitates are assumed to be homogeneous in concentration and are allowed to change chemistry. Local equilibrium is assumed at the matrix-precipitate interface; the equilibrium concentrations are corrected by the curvature effect. Values of the equilibrium concentrations at the matrix-precipitate interface are solved by an iterative method: the resulting flux for each element must be compatible with equilibrium conditions and with the changing stoechiometry of the considered precipitate while maximizing the energy gained. The yield strength is derived from the precipitate size distribution through a mixture law combining the effect of each individual precipitate. The model can take into account non-isothermal treatments and can therefore simulate complicated multi-stage ageing treatment as well as a FSW weld. Results of the model are discussed and compared measurements.
W.J. Poole, M.A. Wells and D.J. Lloyd
C. Sigli, "Development of a New 7xxx Ageing Model", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 519-521, pp. 321-326, 2006