Influence of Temperature and Strain Rate on the Plastic Deformation of Two Commercial High Strength Al Alloys
In the present study the influence of strain rate and temperature on the behaviour of two commercial aluminium alloys, 6063-T6 and 7030-T6, was investigated. Both alloys are high strength precipitation hardened alloys that are expected to have low strain rate and temperature sensitivity. Tensile tests were performed at room temperature at strain rates ranging from 10-4 to 102 s-1, and at -40°C and +60°C at strain rates of 10-4 and 10-1 s-1, due to equipment limitations. Both alloys showed low but positive strain rate sensitivity at all temperatures. Also the temperature sensitivity was low, showing negative values in all cases. The dependence of the flow stress on temperature was more pronounced than the strain rate dependence. The area reduction at fracture was higher in 6063 than 7030, although the uniform elongation was larger in 7030. 6063 showed almost no strain rate dependence of the ductility and a limited reduction with increased temperature. 7030 showed markedly increasing area reduction with increasing temperature and decreasing values with increasing strain rate. The energy absorption was higher in 7030 by a factor of approximately three.
W.J. Poole, M.A. Wells and D.J. Lloyd
M. Johansson et al., "Influence of Temperature and Strain Rate on the Plastic Deformation of Two Commercial High Strength Al Alloys", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 519-521, pp. 841-846, 2006