Effect of Scale Microstructure on Scale Adhesion of Low Carbon Sheet Steel


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For industrial purposes, the adhesion control of secondary scale on hot rolled steel sheet is important. A basic study was carried out to clarify the effect of scale microstructure on the scale adhesion of low carbon steel (0.03%C-0.2%Mn). When scale of FeO (about 8μm thickness) was generated at 800°C and transformed by continuous cooling from 250~600°C to 200°C, the scale transformed from 400°C showed good adhesion. The scale consisted of magnetite seam from the steel substrate, lamellar structure of magnetite and α-Fe, and magnetite layer from the scale surface. The orientation analysis by TEM showed the relationship {110}Fe // {100}Fe3O4, <110>Fe // <100>Fe3O4, and the lattice strain was calculated as 4%. On the other hand, FeO/Fe substrate showed the relationship {100}Fe // {110}FeO, <110>Fe // <110>FeO, and 25% lattice strain was calculated. It is considered that the adhesion of scale should be affected by the lattice strain, thus Fe3O4/Fe substrate showed better adhesion than FeO/Fe substrate. The temperature of FeO formation also affects the scale adhesion through the extent of Fe super saturation in FeO.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 522-523)

Edited by:

Shigeji Taniguchi, Toshio Maruyama, Masayuki Yoshiba, Nobuo Otsuka and Yuuzou Kawahara






A. Kobayashi et al., "Effect of Scale Microstructure on Scale Adhesion of Low Carbon Sheet Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 522-523, pp. 409-416, 2006

Online since:

August 2006




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