Optical Characterization of ZnO Materials Grown by Modified Melt Growth Technique
ZnO bulk crystal wafers, undoped and doped with various impurities of Ga, Er, Co, Ho, Fe, Mn, and co-doped Mg-Li, have been prepared by a modified melt growth method, and characterized by optical techniques of Raman scattering, photoluminescence and UV-visible transmission. Their wurtzite structures were confirmed, with a small degree of crystalline imperfection. It is shown that with some dopants, such as, Co and Fe, the electronic energy gap is affected much less than the optical absorption gap. Computer analysis has helped greatly in obtaining useful information of the optical properties of the ZnO bulk materials.
Robert P. Devaty, David J. Larkin and Stephen E. Saddow
Z. C. Feng et al., "Optical Characterization of ZnO Materials Grown by Modified Melt Growth Technique", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 527-529, pp. 1567-1570, 2006