Role of Oxygen in Growth of Carbon Nanotubes on SiC
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) grown on SiC are metal-free, well-aligned, and with low structural defects. In this study, CNT formation on SiC is examined in high vacuum (10-5torr) and ultra-high vacuum (10-8torr). Multi-wall carbon nanotubes and graphitic structures are the main products on the SiC surface at 1400-1800°C in 10-5torr. Under ultra-high vacuum, the decomposition rate of SiC is much lower than in high vacuum, indicating that SiC is decomposed by oxidation reaction. Using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), the intensity of the O1s peak at 530.3 eV decreases with increasing take-off angle, indicating that this oxygen species exists on the walls of CNTs. The results show that oxygen with a low pressure not only oxidizes SiC, but also forms a highly thermally stable carbon-oxygen compound, and interacts with the CNTs at high temperatures.
Robert P. Devaty, David J. Larkin and Stephen E. Saddow
W. J. Lu et al., "Role of Oxygen in Growth of Carbon Nanotubes on SiC", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 527-529, pp. 1575-1578, 2006