Nitrogen-Doping of Polycrystalline 3C-SiC Films Deposited by Low Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition
This paper reports the effect of deposition temperature on the deposition rate, residual stress, and resistivity of in-situ nitrogen-doped (N-doped) polycrystalline 3C-SiC (poly-SiC) films deposited by low pressure chemical vapor deposition (LPCVD). N-doped poly-SiC films were deposited in a high-throughput, resistively-heated, horizontal LPCVD furnace capable of holding up to 150 mm-diameter substrates using SiH2Cl2 (100%) and C2H2 (5% in H2) precursors, with NH3 (5% in H2) as the doping gas. The deposition rate increased, while the residual stress decreased significantly as the deposition temperature increased from 825oC to 900°C. The resistivity of the films decreased significantly from 825°C to 850°C. Above 850°C, although the resistivity still decreased, the change was much smaller than at lower temperatures. XRD patterns indicated a polycrystalline (111) 3C-SiC texture for all films deposited in the temperature range studied. SIMS depth profiles indicated a constant nitrogen atom concentration of 2.6×1020/cm3 in the intentionally doped films deposited at 900°C. The nitrogen concentration of unintentionally doped films (i.e., when NH3 gas flow was zero) deposited at 900°C was on the order of 1017/cm3. The doped films deposited at 900°C exhibited a resistivity of 0.02 -cm and a tensile residual stress of 59 MPa, making them very suitable for use as a mechanical material supporting microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) device development.
Robert P. Devaty, David J. Larkin and Stephen E. Saddow
X. A. Fu et al., "Nitrogen-Doping of Polycrystalline 3C-SiC Films Deposited by Low Pressure Chemical Vapor Deposition", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 527-529, pp. 311-314, 2006