Temperature Induced Phase Transformation on the 4H-SiC(11-20) Surface
The atomic structure of the 4H-SiC(11 2 0) surface including possible phase transformations via Si deposition and annealing has been investigated using low energy electron diffraction (LEED), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The sample is initially prepared by hydrogen etching before loading into the ultra-high vacuum system. The sample is then out-gassed to remove oxygen from the surface. To explore the existence of ordered surface phases, Si is deposited on the sample at 850°C for 15 minutes followed by a series of sequential annealing steps. Throughout this process, the surface is monitored by LEED, AES and XPS. LEED shows that the surface continuously maintains a (1×1) periodicity. Yet, two unique and distinguishable (1×1) phases can be identified. The changes between these phases are clearly demonstrated by the LEED spot intensities. Simultaneously, the Auger and XPS data show a decrease in Si intensity.
Robert P. Devaty, David J. Larkin and Stephen E. Saddow
W.Y. Lee et al., "Temperature Induced Phase Transformation on the 4H-SiC(11-20) Surface", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 527-529, pp. 673-676, 2006