The Corrosion Behaviour of TiN-Coated Powder Injection Molded AISI 316L Steel


Article Preview

The use of AISI 316L stainless steels for biomedical applications as implants is widespread due to a combination of low cost and easy formability. However, wrought 316L steel is prone to localized corrosion. Coating deposition is commonly used to overcome this problem. Ceramic hard coatings, like titanium nitride, are used to improve both corrosion and wear resistance of stainless steels. Powder injection moulding (PIM) is an attractive method to manufacture complex, near net-shape components. Stainless steels obtained from this route have shown mechanical and corrosion properties similar to wrought materials. The literature on the use of PIM 316L steel, either coated or not, as implants is still very scarce. The aim of the present work was to study the corrosion behaviour of PIM 316L in two conditions: TiN-coated and bare. Electrochemical investigations were performed using EIS and potentiodynamic polarization techniques.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 530-531)

Edited by:

Lucio Salgado and Francisco Ambrozio Filho




R. A. Antunes et al., "The Corrosion Behaviour of TiN-Coated Powder Injection Molded AISI 316L Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 530-531, pp. 105-110, 2006

Online since:

November 2006




[1] R. P. Koseski, P. Suri, N. B. Earhardt, R. M. German, Y. -S. Kwon, Materials Science and Engineering A 390 (2005) p.171.

[2] A. Sharon, N. Melman, and D. Itzhak, Powder Metallurgy 37 (1) (1994), p.67.

[3] E. Otero, A. Pardo, M. V. Utrilla, E. Sáenz, F. J. Perez, Materials Characterization 35 (1995) p.145.

[4] A. Nylund, T. Tunberg, H. Bertilsson, E. Carlstrom, I. Olefjord, Int. J. Powder Metall. 31 (4) (1995) p.365.

[5] L. Cai, R. M. German, Int. J. Powder Metall. 31 (3) (1995) p.257.

[6] A. V. C. Sobral, W. Ristow Jr., D. S. Azambuja, I. Costa, C. V. Franco, Corrosion Science (43) (2001) p.1019.

[7] M. H. Fathi, M. Salehi, A. Saatchi, V. Mortazavi, S. B. Moosavi, Dental Materials, (19) (2003) p.188.

[8] M. L. Pereira, A. M. Abreu, J. P. Sousa, G. S. Carvalho, Journal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine (6) (1995) p.523.

[9] R. Hubler, A. Cozza, T. L. Marcondes, R. B. Souza, F. F. Fiori, Surface and Coatings Technology 142-144 (2001) p.1078.

[10] Liu C., Bi Q. e Matthews A., Surface and Coatings Technology 163-164 (2003) p.597.