In this work, polyethylene/montmorillonite clay nanocomposites were produced by melt intercalation. The clays were treated with quaternary ammonium salts and then treated and untreated clays were introduced in polyethylene. The clays were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR). The nanocomposites were characterized by mechanical and flammability properties. The results showed that the mechanical properties were improved by introduction of organoclay in polyethylene matrix. By adding only 3wt% montmorillonite, the burning rate of the nanocomposites was reduced by 17% in relation to PE matrix.