Measurement of the grinding wheel topography and its change in machining process is important for revealing the grinding principle of high-temperature brazed mono-layer super-abrasive grinding wheel. A new approach of measuring grinding wheel topography based on binocular stereovision is presented. Firstly, the binocular images are achieved while the optical axes of the two cameras are parallel, and a corner reflection function algorithm is applied to detect corners. Secondly, in order to get matching corners, optimal matching template is obtained by matching curves. The experimental results show that the sequential similarity matching operation with optimal template has advantages of high accuracy, and less error matching. Finally, the height of the corners is obtained by calculating their parallax on left and right image, and the height error is less than 5%.