An Investigation on Elongation-Porosity Relation in Sintered 17-4 PH Stainless Steel


Article Preview

In the present study, powder injection molding (PIM) process, in which the porosity of sintered parts can be easily controlled, has been employed to produce specimens with the various porosities from the initial stage of sintering and to the stage of nearly full density. A series of tensile tests has been conducted on these specimens at room temperature to elucidate the effect of a wide range of porosity. The material used in this study was 17-4 PH stainless steel, which is the precipitation hardenable stainless steel containing 4% of Cu and well known to show high strength and the high corrosion resistance at the same time. The 17-4 PH stainless steel powders used in this study were produced by the high-pressure water atomization method. Based on the results of tensile tests on the specimens with the various porosity, a new approach to predict the elongation of sintered materials has been carried out and a new framework combining neck growth model and ideal pore model has been established.



Materials Science Forum (Volumes 534-536)

Edited by:

Duk Yong Yoon, Suk-Joong L. Kang, Kwang Yong Eun and Yong-Seog Kim




H. J. Sung et al., "An Investigation on Elongation-Porosity Relation in Sintered 17-4 PH Stainless Steel", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 534-536, pp. 645-648, 2007

Online since:

January 2007




[1] R. M. German, and A. Bose, Injection Molding of Metals and Ceramics, (MPIF, Princeton, NJ 1997).

[2] R. Haynes, The Mechanical Behaviour of Sintered of Sintered Metals, (Freund Pub., London, UK 1981).

[3] A. Salak, V. Miskovic, E. Dudrova and E. Rudnayova, Powder Metallurgy Inter., 6(3) (1974), p.128.

[4] N. A. Fleck and R. A. Smith, Powder Metall., 24 (1981), pp.121-125.

[5] V. T. Troshchenko, Soviet Powder Metall. Metal Ceram., 2 (1963), pp.179-184.

[6] H. E. Exner and D. Pohl, Powder Metall. Int., 10 (1978), pp.193-199.

[7] H. J. Sung, T. K. Ha, S. Ahn, and Y. W. Chang, J. Mater. Proces. Tech., 130-131 (2002), pp.691-695.

[8] H. Zhang, and R. M. German, Powder Injection Molding, (MPIF, Princeton, NJ, 1992), pp.219-227.

[9] M. Eudier, Powder Metall., 5 (1962), p.278.

[10] R. Haynes, Powder Metall., 20 (1977), pp.17-20.

[11] R. M. German, Sintering Theory and Practice, John Wiley & Sons, NY (1996), pp.1-22.

[12] H. J. Sung, Doctoral Dissertation, Pohang University of Science and Technology, (2003).