Extrusion of CP Grade Titanium Powders Eliminating the Need for Hot Pre-Compaction via Hot Isostatic Pressing
Extrusion is a way to produce near net shape components from CP grade titanium powders of optimum density with minimum porosity and acceptable mechanical properties. Chemically pure, hydride/dehydride titanium powders were cold pre-compacted and extruded at 850oC under an argon atmosphere. The extrusion stress required was ~450MPa. To characterize the extrusions, the porosity distribution, qualitative microstructure and tensile properties were evaluated and compared with conventional extruded wrought titanium. Extrusion occurred after the green billets were upset to ~100% of theoretical density and adequate lubrication was applied to the die. The resultant product was 100% dense with a narrow band of surface porosity and exhibited an equiaxed microstructure of similar magnitude to the starting material. The tensile properties of the bars were observed to be significantly superior to conventionally extruded CP titanium bar products, a result associated with the much finer average grain size. Outcomes from this study have assisted in the identification of a number of key characteristics important to the extrusion of titanium from pre-compacted CP titanium powders, allowing the elimination of canning and hot isostatic pressing (HIPping) of billets prior to extrusion as per conventional PM processes.
Duk Yong Yoon, Suk-Joong L. Kang, Kwang Yong Eun and Yong-Seog Kim
R. Wilson et al., "Extrusion of CP Grade Titanium Powders Eliminating the Need for Hot Pre-Compaction via Hot Isostatic Pressing ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 534-536, pp. 801-804, 2007