Fabrication of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Aluminum Composite by Powder Extrusion Process
This paper describes a fabrication process of Al/CNT composites and investigated their mechanical properties. CNT is a very useful reinforcement for composites since it has a very high strength and very high Young’s modulus. However, it is very difficult to distribute CNT in a metal matrix. Natural rubber was used as an elastomer and mixed with Al powder and CNT precursors to improve the distribution of the CNT in Al matrix. The resulting powder mixture was filled into Al alloy billets and encapsulated in vacuum atmosphere. The billets were then extruded with different extrusion ratios of 5, 10 and 20 at 673K. The composites were observed under optical microscope and FE-SEM, and the mechanical properties were evaluated by Vickers hardness and tensile tests. We succeeded in obtaining fully densified and finely extruded rod of Al/CNT composites of well distributed CNT by hot extrusion process. Observation of post extrusion micro structures revealed that CNT were not damaged by the hot extrusion process and their Vickers hardness and tensile strengths obtained were about twice compared to pure Al.
Duk Yong Yoon, Suk-Joong L. Kang, Kwang Yong Eun and Yong-Seog Kim
J. Yuuki et al., "Fabrication of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Aluminum Composite by Powder Extrusion Process", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 534-536, pp. 889-892, 2007