Milling and Sintering Behavior of the Metal-Ceramic Mixed Powders
The reaction-sintered alumina ceramics with low firing shrinkage were prepared from Al/Al2O3 powder mixture by attrition milling and the effect of milling characteristics of raw powders on reaction sintering was investigated. Powder mixtures of flaky shape Al with coarse alumina was much more effectively comminuted by the attrition milling than the mixtures of globular shape Al with coarse alumina powders. Furthermore the coarse alumina was much more useful in pulverizing and grinding the ductile Al particles than fine alumina. After attrition milling and isopressing at 400MPa, the Al/Al2O3 specimen was oxidized at 1200°C for 8 hours followed by sintering at 1550°C for 3 hours. Because mixed powder of coarse alumina with flaky Al was much more effectively comminuted than the globular Al, sintered body of more than 97% theoretical density was achieved, but low contents of Al leads to relatively higher shrinkage of about 8%. As the coarse alumina particles are much more useful in cutting and reducing the ductile Al particles, the use of the coarse alumina powder was much more effective in reaction-sintering.
Duk Yong Yoon, Suk-Joong L. Kang, Kwang Yong Eun and Yong-Seog Kim
Z. X. Yang et al., "Milling and Sintering Behavior of the Metal-Ceramic Mixed Powders", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 534-536, pp. 93-96, 2007