Hydrogen in the Plastic Deformed Steel
The solubility of hydrogen in iron and steels are affected by temperature and crystal structure. At lower temperatures (below about 400°C), the excess hydrogen, beyond that which is soluble (and therefore dissolved) interstitially, is retained in the steel in other sites commonly referred to as ”traps”. At room temperature, the dissolved hydrogen may be only a small fraction of the total hydrogen content. The movement of hydrogen in steel occurs by the migration of atoms through the lattice. The hydrogen diffusion takes place with interstitial mechanism. Trapping enhances the solubility of hydrogen but decreases the diffusivity. In practice hydrogen transmissibility is characterized by TH value. We have studied the effect of the cold rolling on the TH value for Al-killed low carbon enamelling-grade steel sheets. The microstructures of the samples were formed from ferrite, carbides and some non-metallic inclusions. Reducing the thickness of the steel sheets by cold rolling in carbides appears ruptures, microcavities, and the dislocation density increases in ferrite grains. Cold work increases the hydrogen permeation time. The average of TH values after hot rolling was 0.6; after about 72 % thickness reductions by cold rolling the average TH values was 101.4.
J. Gyulai and P.J. Szabó
E. R. Fábián and L. Dévényi, "Hydrogen in the Plastic Deformed Steel ", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 537-538, pp. 33-40, 2007