Microstructure Characterization and Modeling of Splat Formation during Air Plasma Spraying for Inconel 625 Superalloy
There is a growing interest in use of the nickel-based alloy Inconel 625 coatings due to its ability to improve base materials high temperature properties. Thermal spraying methods such as Air Plasma Spraying (APS) can be considered as a convenient method to deposit this material. The present work deals with APS deposited Inconel 625 structures consisting of huge number of individual splats formed by impacting molten droplets on substrates during spraying process. It is clear that the splat formation mechanism which dominates its size, cohesion, and boundaries highly influences the microstructure of the coating. This paper presents a developed numerical technique performed to simulate splat formation using a three dimensional model. In this method flow field is solved by Finite Volume Method (FVM) and free surfaces are determined from Youngs’ Volume of Fraction method (VOF). Finally, the model prediction is correlated with the actual splat geometries.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
F. Azarmi et al., "Microstructure Characterization and Modeling of Splat Formation during Air Plasma Spraying for Inconel 625 Superalloy", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 1218-1223, 2007