High Temperature Strength of Ni-Al-Cr Based Alloys Containing Refractory Elements for Advanced Die Materials
Microstructures and mechanical properties of Ni3Al based intermetallic alloys produced by vacuum arc melting and vacuum induction melting were investigated in terms of phase analysis using scanning electron microscope (SEM) equipped with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffractometer and tensile test machine. The duplex microstructural feature consisting of γ’ matrix phase and small intermetallic dispersoids was observed to be distributed over the whole microstructure in the Zr and/or Mo-added samples. From the SEM-EDS analysis of the alloys, it is clearly confirmed that the Mo is solved both into γ’ matrix phase and intermetallic phase while Zr has a role to form an intermetallic Ni5Zr phase for the entire alloys investigated. The ultimate tensile strength of the present alloy was superior to iron-based and Ni-based die materials especially in the high temperature region. The mechanical results obtained will be discussed in correlation with microstructural observations, phase analyses.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
W. Y. Kim "High Temperature Strength of Ni-Al-Cr Based Alloys Containing Refractory Elements for Advanced Die Materials", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 1589-1594, 2007