Estimation of Micro-Formability and FEM Simulation of Micro-Forming Process of a Zr-Based Bulk Metallic Glass
Micro-forming is considered to be a suited technology to manufacture very small metallic parts (several μm~mm). Zr-based bulk metallic glass, Zr62Cu17Ni13Al8, has been expected to be a promising metallic material for micro-forming process due to their isotropy, low flow stress in a wide supercooled liquid region and good stability of amorphous matrix. Therefore, one can expect that micro-forming of Zr62Cu17Ni13Al8 might be feasible at a relatively low stress in the supercooled liquid state without any crystallization during hot deformation. In this study, micro-formability of Zr62Cu17Ni13Al8 bulk metallic glass was investigated for micro-forging of U-shape pattern. Microformability was estimated by comparing Rf values (=Af/Ag), where Ag is corss-sectional area of U groove, and Af the filled area by material. Micro-forging process was also simulated and analyzed by applying the finite element method. The micro-formability of Zr62Cu17Ni13Al8 was increased with increasing load and time in the temperature range of the supercooled liquid state. In spite of the similar trend in the variations of Rf values, FEM simulation results showed much higher Rf values than the experimental Rf values. This disagreement was analyzed based on the stress overshoot phenomena of bulk metallic glasses in the supercooled liquid region. FEM simulation of the microstamping process was applicable for the optimization of micro-forming process by carefully interpreting the simulation results.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
Y. S. Na et al., "Estimation of Micro-Formability and FEM Simulation of Micro-Forming Process of a Zr-Based Bulk Metallic Glass", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 2129-2134, 2007