A Multiscale Approach for Composite Materials as Multifield Continua
A continuum model for composite materials made of short, stiff and tough fibres embedded in a more deformable matrix with distributed microflaws is proposed. Based on the kinematics of a lattice system made of fibres, perceived as rigid inclusions, and of microflaws, represented by slit microcracks, the stress-strain relations of an equivalent multifield continuum is obtained. These relations account for the shape and the orientation of the internal phases and include internal scale parameters, which allow taking into account size effects. Some numerical analyses effected on a sample fibre-reinforced composite pointed out the influence of the size and orientation of the fibres on the gross behaviour of the material.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
P. Trovalusci et al., "A Multiscale Approach for Composite Materials as Multifield Continua", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 2551-2556, 2007