Recrystallization and Grain Growth during Alloy 718 Processing
In Alloy 718 ingot cogging process, dynamic and metadynamic recrystallizations, and static grain growth occur, and also the presence of δ phase plays a key role in controlling the grain size. In this study, the evolution of grain structure in VIM/VAR-processed Alloy 718 ingots during post-cogging heat treatments is dealt with. Compression tests were made on VIM/VAR-processed Alloy 718 ingot at temperatures between 900oC ~ 1150oC. Heat treatments were made on the compression-tested specimens, and the variation of grain size was evaluated. Constitutive equations for the grain growth are established to represent the evolution of microstructures. Special attention is paid to the evolution of grain structure under the condition of dynamic and metadynamic recrystallizations, and grain growth. The grain growth rate depends mainly on the presence of δ-phase below the δ-solvus temperature, and on the difference in the grain boundary characteristics above it.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
N. K. Park et al., "Recrystallization and Grain Growth during Alloy 718 Processing", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 3094-3099, 2007