Effect of Strain Rates on the Transformation Behavior of Ni-Ti Alloy
In order to clarify the effect of strain rates on phase transformation behaviors of Ni-Ti alloy, a compressive test using a cylindrical specimen of polycrystalline Ni-Ti alloy of Ti-50.69 at% Ni was carried out at a high strain rate and a low strain rate. The transformation temperatures were determined by a differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) using a sample cut from a compressed specimen. The transformation temperatures of the specimens before deformation were Ms= 303 K, Mf = 287 K, As = 297 K and Af = 319 K, respectively. The compressive test was carried out using specimen heated from liquid nitrogen temperature to room temperature. A universal testing machine as a static test apparatus and a Split Hopkinson Bar apparatus for a dynamic test were used. The specimen had a reoriented martensite phase after deformation because the superelastic effect was not observed upon unloading. Two reverse transformations during heating and a forward transformation during cooling were observed by DSC measurement. The first reverse transformation corresponds to that of thermal-induced martensite by immersion in liquid nitrogen and the second reverse transformation corresponds to that of reoriented martensite with slips in a polycrystalline matrix introduced by plastic deformation. The reverse transformation of the martensite phase with a slip exhibited strong strain rate dependency. Plastic strains and strain rate had strong influence on the shape recovery. The interaction between the temperature elevation by a conversion of plastic work and slip generated by dynamic plastic deformation is a complicated problem.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
H. Date, "Effect of Strain Rates on the Transformation Behavior of Ni-Ti Alloy", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 3231-3236, 2007