Evaluation of Post-Weld Heat Treatments to Restore the Corrosion Resistance of Friction Stir Welded Aluminum Alloy 7075-T73 vs. 7075-T6
Friction stir welding (FSW) is rapidly becoming accepted as a viable manufacturing process for aerospace applications. One potential area of concern, however, is the corrosion resistance of some FSW joints. While the corrosion resistance of friction stir welded 7075 aluminum has been investigated, and attempts made to enhance its corrosion resistance through different combinations of starting temper and post-weld artificial aging (PWAA) treatments, a clear approach for selecting pre-temper conditions and PWAA processing has not emerged. For this investigation, FSW butt-welds in sheets of 0.125-inch 7075-T73 and 7075-T6 were given a variety of PWAA treatments, some of which were developed previously by other authors. Thermal treatments were evaluated using optical microscopy, exfoliation, electrical conductivity, microhardness, tensile, and fatigue crack propagation testing. An important conclusion drawn from this work is that 7075-T73 can be friction stir welded and post-weld aged in a manner that produces superior exfoliation resistance and good mechanical properties without invalidating the bulk parent material temper specified in AMS 2770G.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
C. A. Widener et al., "Evaluation of Post-Weld Heat Treatments to Restore the Corrosion Resistance of Friction Stir Welded Aluminum Alloy 7075-T73 vs. 7075-T6", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 3781-3788, 2007