Brazing of CP-Titanium / CP-Titanium and Titanium Alloy / Stainless Steel with Laminated Ti-Based Filler Metal
Joining technology of CP-Titanium and Titanium alloy is very important for manufacturing field. In that case of titanium brazing, chemical compositions of brazing filler metal and brazing atmosphere are very important. In this study, CP-Ti/CP-Ti and Ti alloy/Stainless Steel were brazed with Ti-based laminated brazing filler metal by using continuous type furnace under Ar gas atmosphere containing extremely low oxygen. Laminated filler was fabricated by roll bonding technology. Chemical compositions of laminated filler metal used in this study were Ti-15Cu-15Ni and Ti-20Zr-20Cu-20Ni. Brazing temperature employed in this study was 850, 900, 950, and 1000 C. These brazing temperatures were based on thermal analysis results and alpha-beta transformation temperature of the base metal used in this study. Firstly melting properties of laminated brazing filler metal was investigated with DTA and DSC. Secondary joint characteristics were estimated by micro-structural observation at the joint and mechanical properties measurement. Sound joint was obtained in this study according to outside appearance of the specimen. Ti-20Zr-20Cu-20Ni filler had low melting point as compared with Ti-15Cu-15Ni according to thermal analysis results and fillet form-ability. Ni and Cu were diffused from molten brazing filler to base metal during brazing and Ti-Cu-Ni eutectoid reaction was took placed at the based metal during cooling after brazing.
T. Chandra, K. Tsuzaki, M. Militzer , C. Ravindran
Y. Miyazawa et al., "Brazing of CP-Titanium / CP-Titanium and Titanium Alloy / Stainless Steel with Laminated Ti-Based Filler Metal", Materials Science Forum, Vols. 539-543, pp. 4031-4035, 2007